what caused the satsuma rebellion

Every man was to hold his position at all costs. "Card Game for 2 players. Enodake’s rugged slopes, however, were not to Saigo’s liking as a final resting place. During the next three days, more than 1,000 students raided the naval yards and the Iso arsenal, stealing 84,000 rounds of ammunition. Whether intentionally or not, Saigo was forging the nucleus for a rebellion. The police contingent was no mean addition to the garrison, for Japanese policemen were a paramilitary force recruited from the samurai class, comparable to the French gendarmerie or Italian carabinieri. It was Yamagata who ordered a frontal assault on the Satsuma positions on March 4, which developed into the eight-day Battle of Tabaruzuka. Paranoia caused him to park the Lexus in the back, a tarp covering a pallet of supplies also being placed over it. A servant hid the head to keep it from falling into enemy hands. The rebellion lasted almost the whole year of 1877, and commanded an army of around 20 thousand. The latter posthumously withdrew the brand of traitor from his name and made his son a marquess. Soon after word of the arrests got out, a rumor circulated that several of the suspected spies had confessed under torture to having been sent by the government to kill Saigo and stir up insurrection as an excuse for the government to invade. Blog. Fighting to preserve the old order, the samurai had gone down in bloody defeat to modern weapons wielded by the lower-class soldiers they despised. The last, and by far the greatest, revolt came in Satsuma in 1877. The glue that held that structure together was the military caste that served the daimyo: the samurai. Matters had gone beyond Saigo’s control, however, since an advance body of rebellious samurai had already departed for Tokyo without his knowledge. During the 1860s, Japan underwent a period of turmoil as conservative-minded daimyo and samurai attacked both the government and foreigners in an attempt to restore the country’s isolation. The ver… The authenticity of that letter is doubtful, since its harsh tone was calculated to incite determined resistance. Though contested by rebels, the imperial forces landed with nominal losses, then pushed north to the city of Miyanohara, reaching it on the 19th. Sept. 5, 2020. A special force was ordered to seize the area between a private school and Somuta, and occupy Iwasakiguchi, thereby splitting Shiroyama in half. Master these negotiation skills to succeed at work (and beyond) The deed was done, however, and he later congratulated his students. After their reorganization, imperial troops resumed the offensive and forced the rebels back to Miyazaki. Early in 1877 the rebellion broke out. In the final battle, the Battle of Shiroyama, 30,000 imperial troops bore down upon Saigo and his few hundreds of surviving rebel samurai. Despite the overwhelming odds, the Imperial Army did not attack immediately upon arrival on September 8 but instead spent more than two weeks carefully preparing for its final assault. In the wee hours of the morning on September 24, the emperor's troops launched a three-hour-long artillery barrage, followed by a massed infantry assault that began at 6 am.Â. To aid in the air of legality that he was trying to project, Saigo wore his army uniform. The author was an British diplomat serving in Japan during the Meiji Restoration and one of his primary tasks was to stay abreast of and report on current events during his posting. On January 30, 1877, a government ship arrived in Kagoshima and, without explanation, began removing munitions. This civil war pitted a well-trained samurai army commanded by Saiga Takamoril and One of the important Bakumatsu people, Takamori Saigoh decided to make a revolt in his home area, Satsuma (Kagoshima) in 1877 against his old friends and partners inside Meiji government. The Meiji Restoration of 1868 signaled the beginning of the end for Japan's samurai warriors. After centuries of samurai rule, however, many members of the warrior class were understandably reluctant to give up their status and power. They also believed that only the samurai had the courage and training to defend Japan from its enemies, internal and external. Surely no conscript army of peasants could fight like the samurai! In 1877, the samurai of the Satsuma Province rose up in the Satsuma Rebellion or Seinan Senso (Southwestern War), challenging the authority of the Restoration Government in Tokyo and testing the new imperial army. On September 1, the remaining 500 rebels slipped into Kagoshima, having eluded government patrols in a heavy rain. HistoryNet.com contains daily features, photo galleries and over 5,000 articles originally published in our various magazines. Many of the Satsuma commanders advocated a fight to the death where they stood, but Saigo vetoed the plan. Paperback, 1 edition, Wiley, February 7, 2005. Within the han (a term meaning both ‘province’ and ‘clan’), society was a rigidly controlled pyramid, with the peasant at the bottom. From Kagoshima through the Siege of Kumamoto Castle by JAMEs H. BUCK HE SATSUMA REBELLION of 1877 was the final act of organized military resistance to the reforms of the Restoration Government. Commanded by Saigō Takamori, the Satsuma army fought unrelentingly for seven months. One of his most loyal followers, Shinsuke Beppu, carried him farther down the hill on his shoulders. The Meiji Era controlled most of Japan, except for a small area in the southwestern part of Japan, which was the Satsuma. Morale was so low that Saigo ordered that any samurai who deserted, failed to obey orders or abandoned his weapons would be compelled to commit suicide. They were soon surrounded. To their disgust, the officers were treated as if they were deserters. 28, No. While being carried toward Iwasakiguchi, Saigo was wounded in the thigh and stomach. The imperial government in Tokyo expected Saigo to come to the capital by sea or to dig in and defend Satsuma. Saigo, however, had no regard for the conscripted farm boys who made up the imperial army. He decided to break the ring of steel one more time, determined to fall back on Kagoshima or die trying. The rebellion lasted from January 29, … As the two sides were well dug in, a fierce war of position developed in which neither side could gain an advantage. He took Japan from being a backwards feudal society to being a strong empire under his full control. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. The war party resigned in protest, and Saigo returned to his home city of Kagoshima, where he went into voluntary retirement from public life. Unlike previous shizoku uprisings, which were small and poorly organized, the Satsuma Rebellion severely tested the government’s capacity to wage war. After eight days of tramping through rugged, rain-swept mountains and misty forests, Saigo’s men found their path blocked by a large patrol. What happened at the Battle of Shiroyama? The Satsuma rebellion was a resist from the Meiji government and modern changes that took place in 1877. Giving up in disgust, the officer ordered the ship to leave Kagoshima. The series of lessons was planned and delivered to high ability Year 8 students in an international school and as such could be delivered to students who are one or two academic years above with minor tweaking. Yates, Charles L. "Saigo Takamori in the Emergence of Meiji Japan." Word of the shigakkos‘ martial nature was greeted with considerable alarm in Tokyo. When Saigo, who was away hunting at the time, heard what had happened, he flew into a rage at the student leaders. Over his subordinates’ objections, Saigo decided to go to Tokyo and try to negotiate with the government. I feel confident in removing the romantic image of protecting the samurai and fighting corruption, as he was instrumental in modernizing Japan's military. Losing blood rapidly, he selected a suitable spot to die. The other player is the Imperial Army." This rebellion was led by the restoration hero Saigō Takamori and lasted six months. They halted, facing the imperials all day. On July 24, the imperial forces opened their main offensive against Saigo’s army in Miyakonojo. "Fearing a rebellion, the Meiji government sent a warship to Kagoshima to remove the weapons stockpiled at the Kagoshima arsenal on January 30, 1877. Almost all of their modern firearms had been lost. If a unit retreated with enemy troops in pursuit, the neighboring units were to fire into the area indiscriminately, killing their own men if necessary. . The game uses two custom decks of cards, the Samurai Deck and the Imperial Deck. To defeat the large and well-trained rebel forces, the government had to mobilize the entire standing army and reserves and enlist an additional 7,000 shizoku as “police” auxiliaries. General Tani, facing the supply problem, decided to dispatch a sortie in hopes of linking up with the relief force. Satsuma Rebellion of 1877 - Combat. Instruction at the schools centered on the Chinese classics, although French and English were also taught. This rebellion was led by the restoration hero Saigō Takamori and lasted six months. Whether intentionally or not, Saigo was forging the nucleus for a rebellion. Saigo also started an artillery school. On a muddy field outside Kagoshima on September 25, 1877, the feudal system that had dominated Japan for 700 years died, not with a whimper but with a defiant roar. Ironically, this provoked open conflict, although with the elimination of samurai rice stipends in 1877, tensions were already extremely high." Prominent among them was Field Marshal Takamori Saigo. In brusque terms, the letter informed him that Saigo would soon be passing by his command, and requested that the garrison be turned out to meet Saigo and receive his orders. Rebellions broke out in Satsuma, Hizen, and Tosa. Reader view. The modern Japanese army had passed its first test and would soon develop into a force that would terrorize Asia and briefly humble the Western forces of Russia, Germany, Britain, the Netherlands and the United States. When night came, they split their force in two, slipped around both flanks of the patrol and escaped again. They faced each other along a 61¼2-mile front from Tabaruzuka southwest to Ariake Bay. In spite of the futility of his cause, however, Takamori Saigo’s integrity and strength of convictions left a lasting impression on both the people and the government he had opposed. During the siege, more than 7,000 shells were fired, and the imperial forces had another 7,000 in ready reserve if needed. Written only a year or so after the event it does allow for contemporary opinion. Having been outfought and outmaneuvered so often in the past, however, he was determined to leave nothing to chance. [Jerome David] Salinger, U.S. novelist (The Catcher in the Rye, Franny and Zooey). A final attack was planned for April 14, but before it could be carried out, Saigo disengaged and his men took up new positions on high ground east of Kumamoto. The government had already dealt with several small but violent samurai revolts, and the prospect of Satsuma samurai, which were widely regarded as the best in Japan, being led in rebellion by the Great Saigo was too terrible to contemplate. Even personal appeals for aid from his close friend, Shimpei Eto, who led 2,000 Kyushu samurai in revolt in 1874, failed to move him. By the time fighting resumed on March 3, both sides had been reinforced and numbered about 10,000 each. Moreover, the letter was not in Saigo’s handwriting. HistoryNet.com is brought to you by Historynet LLC, the world's largest publisher of history magazines. To prevent a recurrence of that sort of thing, the garrison was reinforced by an additional infantry brigade on May 4. 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